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Maple Leaves

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Notes on poisoning: Philodendron cordatum


General poisoning notes:

Philodendron (Philodendron cordatum) is an indoor ornamental. Philodendrons can cause poisoning in humans and pets because of the oxalates. See additional general notes under Philodendron scandens.

References:

Ayres, S. Jr, Ayres, S. 1958. Philodendron as a cause of contact dermatitis. Arch. Dermatol., 78: 330-333.

Dorsey, C. 1958. Philodendron dermatitis. Calif. Med., 88: 329-330.

Lampe, K. F., McCann, M. A. 1985. AMA Handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. American Medical Assoc. Chicago, Ill., USA. 432 pp.

McIntire, M. S., Guest, J. R., Porterfield, J. F. 1990. Philodendron - an infant death. Clin. Toxicol., 28: 177-183.

Nomenclature:

Scientific Name: Philodendron cordatum (Vell.) Kunth.

Vernacular name(s): philodendron

Scientific family name: Araceae

Vernacular family name: arum

Go to ITIS*ca for more taxonomic information on: Philodendron cordatum

References:

Agriculture Quebec. 1975. Noms des maladies des plantes du Canada/ Names of plant diseases in Canada. , Quebec City, Que., Canada. 288 pp.

Alex, J. F., Cayouette, R., Mulligan, G. A. 1980. Common and botanical names of weeds in Canada/Noms populaire et scientifiques des plantes nuisibles du Canada. Revised. Agric. Can. Publ., Ottawa, Ont., Canada. 132 pp.

Bailey, L. H., Bailey, E. Z. 1976. Hortus third. Revised. MacMillan, New York, N.Y., USA. 1290 pp.

Scoggan, H. J. 1978, 1979. The flora of Canada. Nat. Mus. Nat. Sci. (Ottawa) Publ. Bot. 7(1)-7(4). 1711 pp.

Van Wijk, H. L. 1911. A dictionary of plant names. Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague, The Netherlands. 1444 pp.

Victorin, M. 1964. Flore Laurentienne. 2nd ed. Univ. Montreal, Montreal, Que., Canada. 952 pp.

Geographic Information

Plant or plant parts used in or around the home.

References:

Bailey, L. H., Bailey, E. Z. 1976. Hortus third. Revised. MacMillan, New York, N.Y., USA. 1290 pp.

Boivin, B. 1966, 1967. Énumération des plantes du Canada. Provencheria 6. Nat. Can. (Que.) 93: 253-274; 371-437; 583-646; 989-1063. 94: 131-157; 471-528; 625-655.

Image or illustration

Philodendron cordatum:

Images: images.google.com

Toxic parts:

leaves
plant juices

References:

Ayres, S. Jr, Ayres, S. 1958. Philodendron as a cause of contact dermatitis. Arch. Dermatol., 78: 330-333.

Dorsey, C. 1958. Philodendron dermatitis. Calif. Med., 88: 329-330.

Toxic plant chemicals:

oxalate

References:

Lampe, K. F., McCann, M. A. 1985. AMA Handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. American Medical Assoc. Chicago, Ill., USA. 432 pp.

Animals/Human Poisoning:

Note: When an animal is listed without additional information, the literature (as of 1993) contained no detailed explanation.

Humans

General symptoms of poisoning:

erythema
itchiness

References:

Ayres, S. Jr, Ayres, S. 1958. Philodendron as a cause of contact dermatitis. Arch. Dermatol., 78: 330-333.

Dorsey, C. 1958. Philodendron dermatitis. Calif. Med., 88: 329-330.

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Date modified: 2009-09-01